World Heritage Site: Lumbini

Published By: July 5, 2022Written By:Shankar Adhikari

The holiest spot for Buddhists is Lumbini, a Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Kapilvastu district. It is the location of Siddhartha Gautam, the father of Buddhism, who was born there to Queen Mayadevi. One of Nepal’s most popular tourist destinations in Lumbini, which has a significant historical significance. People from all other religions as well as Buddhists visit this pilgrimage spot. Due to its 1997 UNESCO designation as a World Heritage Site, most visitors to this heritage site are from outside of the nation. Therefore, in this article, we are going to talk about Lumbini Travel Guide.

A tranquil city, Lumbini draws a large number of tourists from all around the world each year. The ancient city where Siddhartha Gautam, who eventually attained enlightenment and became Lord Buddha, was born dates back to 523 B.C.


When Indian emperor Ashoka visited the location and built one of the memorial pillars, the location eventually gained popularity among foreigners as well. World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997. A tranquil city, Lumbini draws a large number of tourists from all around the world each year. The ancient city where Siddhartha Gautam, who eventually attained enlightenment and became Lord Buddha, was born dates back to 523 B.C.

More than 25 worldwide Buddhist temples and meditation institutes may be found in Lumbini today. One of the most significant locations in Lumbini, the city where Buddha was born, is Mayadevi Temple. The newly born Buddha took his first seven steps and delivered a message of peace to humanity at the Maya Devi temple. Additionally, other carved monasteries from various nations have been constructed in Lumbini. Some of these include Germany, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, China, Japan, and other various countries. One can learn about Lumbini’s cultural significance by going to the Panditarama Vipassana Center. In addition to practicing yoga and meditation, one can converse with nearby monks who attend religious services.

Monasteries in Lumbini

Lumbini has long been a significant spiritual center. It is one of the pilgrimage destinations in Nepal, dating back to the well-known visit by Emperor Asoka in 249 BC and the visits of several Buddhist countries in Asia. Local monasteries have been founded in several nations as a means of providing their residents with both material and spiritual support. Similarly, to properly visit these monasteries one would need a proper Lumbini Travel Guide. These monasteries are now Lumbini’s shrines due to their design, which reflects the architectural and theological trends of the many nationalities.

  • Japanese Monastery, Japan (under construction)
  • United Tungaram Buddhist Foundation, Nepal
  • Thrangu Vajra Vidya Buddhist Association, Canada
  • Vietnam Phat Quoc Tu, Vietnam
  • Geden International Monastery, Austria
  • Chinese Monastery, China
  • Dae Sung Shakya Temple, South Korea
  • Drubgyud Choeling Monastery (Nepal Mahayana Temple)
  • Dharmodaya Sabha Nepal (Swayambhu Mahavihara)
  • Karma Samtenling Monastery, Nepal
  • Manang Samaj Stupa, Nepal
  • Panditarama Lumbini International Meditation Center, Myanmar
  • Ka-Nying Shedrup Monastery (Seto Gumba), Nepal (under construction)
  • Zarong Thupten Mendol Dogna Chholing, Nepal (under construction)
  • Urgen Dorjee Choling Buddhist Center, Singapore
  • Nepal Vajrayana Maha Vihara, Nepal (under construction)
  • French Buddhist Association, France
  • The Great Lotus Stupa (Tara Foundation), Germany
  • Drikung Kagyud Meditation Center, Ladakh
  • The World Linh Son Buddhist Congregation, France

Major Attractions of Lumbini

The holy site of Lumbini has a lot to offer travelers. The pilgrimage sites, old history, and many monasteries created by various nations will all have to be visited by the visitors. In addition to monasteries and gompas, Lumbini also has several other popular tourist destinations.

Maya Devi Temple

One of Lumbini’s top tourist attractions is the Maya Devi temple. It is the primary temple in Lumbini and is regarded as the birthplace of the Buddha. The most well-known and significant temple on the property is Maya Devi Temple, which honors the supposed site of Buddha’s birth. The Pushkarini Sacred Pool and a Sacred Garden are both close to the temple. The Ashoka period, roughly the third century BC, is when the archaeological ruins of this location were first discovered. Similarly, Maya Devi took a break from her journey under a Bodhi tree. She took a ceremonial plunge in the nearby pond while giving birth there. Also, to properly visit this place you would need a Lumbini Travel Guide.

Additionally, this is where Lord Buddha had his first bath. The temple is a white structure that has a marker stone protecting the precise location of Buddha’s birth.

Asoka Pillar

The Ashoka pillar at Lumbini is another outstanding location. It is a stone pillar from the third century that was erected during Emperor Ashoka’s rule. Ashoka built the pillar as a sign of respect after visiting the birthplace of Lord Buddha and converting to Buddhism. He constructed four stupas as well as a pillar that has an inscription and an idol of a horse on top. A reminder of his trip to Lumbini This elevates the pillar to the status of a crucial national landmark. The stone pillar is inside the serene Maya Devi shrine. In 1896, Nepalese archaeologists rediscovered the 6 m-tall sandstone building. Also, to properly visit this place you would need a Lumbini Travel Guide. A modest fence and colorful prayer flags are also used to beautify the pillar. As a result, this pillar is considered to be one of Lumbini’s main attractions and has historical value.

Myanmar Golden Temple

The oldest building in the city constructed in the Burmese architectural style is the Myanmar Golden Temple. The striking shikhara, modeled after the Bagan temples, has a corncob shape that adds to the structure’s outstanding appearance. Three prayer rooms are present. A Lokamani Pula Pagoda is located inside the temple grounds.

Lumbini Museum

The museum is one of Lumbini’s other top draws. It is situated at the entrance of Lumbini’s Sacred Garden Area. The Lumbini Museum is the birthplace of the historical Buddha and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. When it debuts at the beginning of 2022, it will be a genuine jewel. A 2600-year-old piece of local history is preserved in the museum. Also, to properly visit this place you would need a Lumbini Travel Guide.


This temple, which honors the life of the Buddha, is located at the northernmost part of the complex. Similar to this, there is a wonderful selection of photographs and artifacts from Buddhist places all around the world.

Chinese Monastery

Elegant Buddhist monastery in Lumbini known as Chinese Monastery or Zhong Hua. The monastery’s pagoda-style construction gives it the appearance of China’s fabled forbidden city. Through a doorway guarded by dogs of Fo, the exquisite, Pagoda-style monastery appears to be a miniature Forbidden City. Its immaculate internal patio is a tranquil haven. Additionally, the immaculately kept interior courtyard brings joy and calm to the soul. Also, to properly visit this place you would need a Lumbini Travel Guide.

Dharma Swami Maharaj Vihar

Dharma Maharaja Swami a Buddhist Gompa with a strong Tibetan influence is Buddha Vihar. Raja of Mustang and His Eminence Chogya Trichen Rinpoche founded it. The location is ideal for silent self-examination and meditation due to its extreme tranquility. Likewise, the 600 monks who live in the monastery do Tara Pooja every day.

World Peace Pagoda

The World Peace Pagoda, located near Lumbini’s northernmost point, is intended to serve as a symbol of the shared wish for peace among all people. The Japanese Buddhists constructed the enormous white stupa. The massive World Peace Pagoda, which is intended to bring people together and encourage the pursuit of peace, dazzles with its brightness. As its name suggests, the neighborhood is serene and tranquil. Also, to properly visit this place you would need a Lumbini Travel Guide.

The inhabitants also meditate and unwind under the shade of the trees. The nearby Crane Sanctuary, which provides a natural habitat for the Sarus Cranes that are native to the area, may also be seen from the top of the world peace stupa.

How to get to Lumbini from Kathmandu

Lumbini may be reached in a number of ways from Kathmandu, the country’s capital. You can fly to a nearby location and then transfer to Lumbini, or you might decide to take a lengthy bus journey. You can explore various communities along the road while riding through Nepal’s magnificent scenery. However, boarding a flight is also advised when taking into account time, comfort, and convenience.

Kathmandu to Lumbini

By Flight

One can arrange a flight from Kathmandu to Siddharthanagar’s Gautam Buddha Airport. The closest airport to Lumbini is this one. From Tribhuvan International Airports in Kathmandu, there are numerous flights every day to Gautam Buddha Airport. The flight lasts for around 35 minutes. As a result, you may fly from Kathmandu to Lumbini in under an hour. Within an hour of touching down at the airport, one can take a taxi or an airport bus to Lumbini.

By Bus

The trip from Kathmandu to Lumbini is an option if you appreciate the outdoors and want to have a good time. The journey might be a little longer and might take a whole day. Even though it’s a long journey, you get to see Nepal’s rural life and use reliable local transportation.

By using public transit in the area, you can even sample Nepalese cuisine along the route. If you are extroverted and enjoy connecting with people, you will undoubtedly have the opportunity to meet others. Be prepared, nevertheless, for a lengthy, difficult, and uncomfortable trip in a bus without air conditioning. Cutting the journey in half with a transfer in Bhairawa is a possibility.

Hire a Private Car

Renting a private car is another option for transportation. Hire a private car if you value solitude and prefer to travel alone while still choosing to take in the scenery. Many companies provide you with the greatest services and resources for renting a car. You will gain from renting a private vehicle in a variety of ways. With a proper Lumbini, Travel Guide hires a private car and visit different places of Lumbini.

One of them is to give you a serene, pleasant ride while also allowing you to see the nearby views of a swiftly moving river, a lush green forest, local homes, etc. The driver will pause for meals, brief rests, and to take in the surroundings. You can also request that the driver pull over so you can take in the area’s stunning scenery at your leisure.

What to Expect

The expansive 4.8-kilometer (three miles) long Lumbini complex is now a part of the vast UNESCO World Heritage Site. It comprises the sacred Bodhi tree, an old bathing pond, the renowned Ashokan pillar, and the Mayadevi Temple, as well as a number of monasteries constructed by other Buddhist nations (all in their respective national styles).

The Lumbini temple complex is extremely relaxed, which is maybe not surprising given the religion’s precept of non-attachment. The main shrine is likely to see a regular stream of pilgrims from Burma, Thailand, and China shuffle by it in reverent silence, but it never feels crowded.

It is also not a particularly beautiful location; aside from a few brick stupa bases and ancient monastery walls (as well as the pool where the queen and her child had their first bath), the site is primarily notable for its spiritual significance. It is a location for deep reverence, meditation, and thought. Buddhism has no place for bling.

Lumbini to Pokhara

The shortest driving distance between Lumbini and Pokhara is roughly 200 KM. You can either drive or take the quickest aircraft to Lumbini. There will be two non-stop flights every day, each taking 20 minutes to travel from Pokhara Airport to Bhairahawa Airport. Similarly, with a proper Lumbini travel guide your travel is going to be more enjoyable.

By Bus

Another well-liked and inexpensive option is to drive from Pokhara to Lumbini. The drive takes 6-7 hours to complete and covers a distance of around 200 kilometers.

Accommodation in Lumbini

One of Nepal’s popular tourist locations is Lumbini, where lodging is simple to come by. In comparison to Kathmandu, Lumbini’s lodging options are more limited and often more simple. Hotels, resorts, and villas are nevertheless still available. The Sacred Garden is where the majority of hotels are located.

The hotels are conveniently located near the major attractions, so you won’t have far to go. Budget hotels frequently lack electricity and hot water. A superior hotel in Bhairahawa is also an option, or you can stay in the Chinese Temple and only eat vegetarian food for up to two days. Moreover, there are a lot of places to find proper accommodation in Lumbini.


Hotels in Lumbini are reasonably priced and offer top-notch services. You can, however, select hotels based on the services they offer. Near the monasteries near the Sacred Garden, there are many Chinese and Japanese hotels. They offer reasonable prices for foreign services, so you can choose them.


Go for the resort if you want superior service and more time to explore the natural environment. In Lumbini, there are a number of resorts that can accommodate your demands. You might select Bhairahawa, which is an hour’s drive from Lumbini if you want to stay in resorts. Almost all resorts offer amazing personnel, great locations, great amenities, and bright, tidy rooms.

Best Time to visit Lumbini

Numerous tourists travel to Lumbini each year. So you’re wondering when to visit this pilgrimage site while organizing your trip. You can travel to Lumbini any time of year. The ideal times to visit Lumbini are, however, in the spring and fall. Similar information is provided here regarding the ideal time to visit Lumbini.

Spring Season

In Nepal, spring is one of the busiest travel times. Spring, which is the season of colors, lasts from March through May. Nepal’s Terai area is where Lumbini is located. In Nepal, the Terai, or lowland, is exceedingly hot. However, springtime temperatures are tolerable. In the month of spring, one can still enjoy a clear and beautiful view despite the scorching weather. After a shower, the nearby monasteries and gompas are magnificent. Therefore, spring makes you feel happy since it has the most gorgeous weather and the right temperature.


In Nepal, the monsoon season begins in June and lasts through August. Light rain falls at the beginning of the monsoon in practically all areas of the nation. In some ways, the monsoon is unfavorable for people who don’t want to travel during the rainy seasons. But if you like the weather after it rains and the rain, you can come here. In Nepal, the monsoon season is highly beautiful due to the lush surroundings, landscapes, and other factors. In addition, you can learn about the way of life of Nepal’s lowlanders.


In Nepal, the two coldest months are December and January. In Nepal, the current season is winter. These are not the best times to go because the temperature drops and it is harder to appreciate the beauty because of the dismal, foggy weather. Wintertime has brief and dismal days. You won’t have much time to really explore different areas.


One of the greatest times of year to visit Nepal is another. Autumn typically begins in September and lasts until October. It is a time of year when many tourists travel to Nepal. People come here in the autumn because of Lumbini’s lovely atmosphere. In Nepal, it is also the holiday season. You can see Nepalese major festivals like Dashain and Tihar if you decide to travel at this time of year. You will experience nature and connect with Nepali culture and customs.

Entry Fees in Lumbini

The cost to enter Lumbini varies by nation and individual. Locals pay comparatively less than citizens of other countries. Similar to that, there is a discount for SAARC countries while there are separate fees for foreigners.

Entry Fees for Locals

The residents or nationals of Nepal are required to pay very little. Locals only have to pay 40 rupees to enter. The same holds true for citizens of India. Indian and Nepali nationals must pay an extra cost of Rs. 50 to use a camera.

Entry Fees for Foreigners

The residents or nationals of Nepal are required to pay very little. Locals only have to pay 40 rupees to enter. The same holds true for citizens of India. Indian and Nepalese nationals must pay an extra cost of Rs. 50 to use a camera.

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