Tibet, a rich and beautiful land, is located at the main part of Qinghai-Tibet plateau, southwest frontier of China with an average altitude over 4000m above sea level. Tibet possesses more than fifty peaks above 7000 m. among which eleven are over 8000 m. Tibet borders with Sichuan, Yunnan, Qinghai and Xinjiang; to the south contiguous to India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Burma and bounded by Kashmir on the west. Tibet is rich in natural resources and owns a vast expanse of landforms. People living on this land have been creating a glorious culture since ancient times. There has a long history; majestic mountains and rivers, regular customs and habits, wonderful natural landscapes with monks clad in robes and yellow hats are seen everywhere.
Tibet lies at the centre of Asia, with an area of 2.5 million square km. The earth’s highest mountains, a vast arid plateau & great river valleys make up the physical home & of 6 million Tibetans. It has an average altitude of 3963 meter (13,000 feet) above sea level.
Tibet is comprised of the three provinces of Amdo (now split by China in to the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu & Sichuan), Kham (largely incorporated into the Chinese provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan & Qinghai), & U-Tsang (which, together with western Kham, is today referred to by China as the Tibet Autonomous Region).
The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) comprises less than half of historic Tibet & was created by China in 1965 for administrative reasons. It is important to note that when Chinese officials & publications use the term “Tibet” they mean only the TAR.
Tibetans use the term Tibet to mean the three provinces described above, i.e., the area traditionally known as Tibet before the 1949-50 invasion.
Despite over 40 years of Chinese occupat8ion of Tibet, the Tibetan people refuse to be conquered & subjugated by China. The present Chinese policy, a combination of demographic & economic manipulation, & discrimination, aims to suppress the Tibetan issue by changing the very character & the identity of Tibet & its People.